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Location: At your company premises in a suitable training room.
Cost: Depends on numbers...contact us for our best price as we offer big discounts for groups. Three is the minimum.
Duration: 10 days, plus 1 day for the exams.
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At a glance...
The National General Certificate in Occupational Health and Safety is the most widely held health and safety qualification of its kind in the UK with over 170,000 people having gained the qualification since it was launched in 1989.
It is suitable for managers, supervisors and staff from all types of organisations making day-to-day decisions at work who need a broad understanding of health and safety issues and to be able to manage risks effectively. Many people take the NEBOSH National General Certificate as a first step in a career in health and safety. It provides a valuable overview, and is a sound basis for further professional study.
Why should businesses buy this course?
Accidents and work-related ill-health affect all types of workplaces and occupations. In the year 2013/14, there were 133 workers were killed at work and almost 78,000 reportable injuries. There were 1.2 million employees suffering from an illness they believed was caused or made worse by their current or past work, almost half of these being new cases. Around 20000 individuals annually are forced to give up work because of occupational injury
or ill-health. An estimated 28 million working days were lost in 2013/14 as a result of workplace accidents and ill-health.
In addition to the direct costs of sick pay and absence, employers can find themselves dealing with criminal prosecution (674 prosecutions in the UK during 2013/14), claims for compensation, adverse publicity and harm to both business reputation and profitability.
The estimated annual cost of occupational injury and illness in 2013/14 is £14.2 billion to the British economy (Statistics supplied by the Health and Safety Executive: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/).
The vast majority of occupational injuries, incidents and ill-health are avoidable by good health and safety management. By saving money, improving productivity and raising workforce morale, effective health and safety management should be recognised as an essential element of a successful management strategy.
Many larger organisations choose the NEBOSH National General Certificate as a key part of their supervisors’ or management development programme. By ensuring that line managers have a sound understanding of the principles of risk management they build an effective safety culture in the company. Smaller organisations, operating in lower risk environments, often choose the NEBOSH National General Certificate as the appropriate qualification for the manager taking the lead on health and safety issues.
Why should individuals take this course?
In a word - development! Both for you and the company you work for. You'll learn vital skills that will help you to make big contributions to the company and become a key member of the team. They'll come to wonder how they ever managed safely without you!
It's also a fantastic qualification to have listed on your CV.
Holders of NEBOSH National General Certificate in Occupational Health and Safety are entitled to Associate Membership (AIOSH) of the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH). The qualification also meets the academic requirements for Technical membership (Tech IOSH) of the Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH – www.iosh.co.uk) and Associate membership (AIIRSM) of the International Institute of Risk and Safety Management (IIRSM – www.iirsm.org).
What does the course cover?
- Legal requirements for health and safety at work
- Implementation of health and safety management systems
- Identification of workplace hazards
- Methods of hazard control
- Practical application of knowledge and understanding
For the full course syllabus, please click the following link: NEBOSH National General Certificate Course Syllabus.
How do I book this course?
Easy. Click the button below and a form will come up so that you can input a few key details (contact information, how many people you would like on the course - that sort of thing). Once we have that information, we'll use it to prepare a proper quotation. If you're booking for five or more people, you'll qualify for a group discount and we'll make sure that this is applied to your quotation.
We'll email the quotation to you as a PDF document. If you're happy with it and want to go ahead, there will be a link in the email for you to click to confirm. Simple as that!
NEBOSH National General Certificate Course Syllabus
Unit NGC1: Management of health and safety
Element 1: Foundations in health and safety
1.1 The scope and nature of occupational health and safety
- The multi-disciplinary nature of health and safety; the barriers to good standards of health and safety (complexity, competing and conflicting demands, behavioural issues)
- Meanings and distinctions between: - health, safety and welfare.
1.2 The moral and financial reasons for promoting good standards of health and safety
- The size of the health and safety ‘problem’ in terms of the numbers of work-related fatalities and injuries and incidence of ill-health
- Societal expectations of good standards of health and safety
- The business case for health and safety: insured and uninsured costs of accidents and ill-health; employers’ liability insurance.
1.3 The legal framework for the regulation of health and safety including sources and types of law
- The influence and role of the European Union in harmonising health and safety standards
- Meaning of Criminal law
- offence against the state
- prosecution to establish guilt
- burden of proof with reference to S40 Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 (onus of proving limits of what is practicable, etc)
- Meaning of Statute law
- Acts of Parliament, Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, health and safety regulations, approved codes of practice, official guidance: their relationship and status
- absolute and qualified duties (practicable and reasonably practicable)
- relevance to criminal and civil law
- The structure and role of criminal courts and the penalties they can impose
- Criminal law liabilities
- role, functions and powers of enforcement authorities, the courts and other associated bodies: Health and Safety Executive (HSE)/HSE Northern Ireland (HSENI); local authority; fire and rescue service; Procurators Fiscal in Scotland (including homicide/corporate homicide); Office of Rail Regulation (ORR); Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) (for manslaughter / corporate manslaughter); insurance companies; Environment Agency/Scottish Environment Protection Agency/Northern Ireland Environment Agency
- Fees for Intervention (FFI) with reference to the Health and Safety (Fees) Regulations 2012
- powers of inspectors under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974:
- enforcement notices (improvement, prohibition): conditions for serving; effects; procedures; rights and effects of appeal; penalties for failure to comply
- simple cautions
- prosecution: summary and indictable (solemn in Scotland) offences
- the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007: the offence and available penalties
- Meaning of Common law
- precedents and case law
- the importance of common law
- relevance to criminal and civil law
- Meaning of Civil law
- from the private individual seeking compensation
- burden of proof
- The structure and role of civil courts and the different types of remedy they can impose
- The role of employment tribunals
- Civil law liabilities
- civil wrong (tort/delict)
- tort/delict of negligence
- duty of care (neighbour principle)
- tests and defences for tort/delict of negligence: duty owed / duty breached /
- injury or damage sustained
- contributory negligence
- vicarious liability
- the employer’s civil common law duty to provide a safe place of work, safe plant and equipment, safe systems of work, training and supervision, and competent employees
- breach of statutory duty in relation to new and expectant mothers
1.4 The scope, duties and offences of employers, managers, employees and others under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974
- Scope: covers all workplaces, work activities, employed and self-employed with reference to:
- general duties of employers to their employees
- the health, safety and welfare of employees and the health and safety of those affected by work activities (eg client, visitors, contractors, the public)
- the provision and maintenance of safe plant and systems of work
- safe use, handling, storage and transport of articles and substances
- the provision of information, instruction, training and supervision
- safe place of work
- safe access and egress
- adequate welfare facilities
- legal duty to prepare a safety policy
- appointment of safety representatives
- duty to consult
- General duties of employers and self-employed to persons other than their employees
- General duties of persons concerned with premises to persons other than their employees
- General duties of manufacturers etc as regards articles and substances for use at work
- General duties of employees at work:
- to take reasonable care for the health and safety of themselves and of other persons who may be affected by their acts or omissions at work
- to co-operate with employer
- General duties of all persons
- duty not to interfere with or misuse things provided for health and safety at work
- Duty not to charge employees for things done or provided for health and safety at work
- Offences due to fault of other person
- Offences by bodies corporate
- consent or connivance or neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate.
1.5 The scope, duties and offences of employers, managers, employees and others under the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations
- Risk assessment
- Principles of prevention to be applied
- Health and safety arrangements
- Health and safety assistance
- Procedures for serious and imminent danger and for danger areas
- Information for employees
- Co-operation and co-ordination where two or more employers share a workplace
- Ensuring employees are provided with adequate health and safety training
- Employees' duties
- Employee to work in accordance with any training
- Employee to inform employer of any work situation which represents a serious and immediate danger to health and safety; and any shortcoming in the employer's protection arrangements for health and safety
- Temporary workers
- Risk assessment in respect of new or expectant mothers
- Protection of young persons.
1.6 The legal and organisational health and safety roles and responsibilities of clients and their contractors
- Relationship between client and contractor
- Duties each has to the other and to the other’s employees
- Effective planning and co-ordination of contracted work, including interaction with existing staff
- Management controls that must be applied for significant construction projects:
- duties and responsibilities of the Client, Principal Designer, Principal Contractor, Contractors, Workers and Domestic Clients
- HSE notification, health and safety plan, health and safety file
1.7 The principles of assessing and managing contractors (links to 1.4)
- Scale of contractor use
- Pre-selection and management of contractors
- Contractor responsibilities
Element 2: Health and safety management systems – Plan
2.1 Key elements of a health and safety management system
- The HSE’s Managing for health and safety (HSG65)
- OHSAS 18001: Occupational health and safety management systems
- policy (Plan)
- planning (Plan)
- implementation and operation (Do)
- checking and corrective action (Check)
- management review (Act)
- continual improvement (Act)
2.2 Purpose and importance of setting policy for health and safety
- The role of the health and safety policy in decision-making and the differing needs of individual organisations
- Legal duties
- - duty to prepare a safety policy (linked to 1.4)
- - when to record in writing.
2.3 Key features and appropriate content of an effective health and safety policy
- Stating the overall aims of the organisation in terms of health and safety performance :
- general statement of intent
- setting overall objectives and quantifiable targets (specific, measurable, achievable, reasonable, timebound SMART principles)
- basic concept of benchmarking
- views of interested parties
- technological options
- financial, operational and business requirements
- signatory to statement
- Defining the health and safety roles and responsibilities of individuals within the organisation
- organising for health and safety: allocation of responsibilities; lines of communication and feedback loops; the role of line managers in implementing and influencing the health and safety policy and monitoring its effectiveness
- Specifying the arrangements for achieving general and specific aims:
- health and safety arrangements: the importance of specifying the organisation’s arrangements for planning and organising, controlling hazards, consultation, communication and monitoring compliance with, and assessing the effectiveness of, the arrangements to implement the health and safety policy
- Circumstances that may lead to a need to review the health and safety policy in order to maintain currency and effectiveness (eg, technological, organisational or legal changes).
Element 3: Health and safety management systems - Do
3.1 Organisational health and safety roles and responsibilities of employers, directors, managers and supervisors
- Organisational roles of directors / managers / supervisors
- Senior management demonstrating commitment by:
- ensuring availability of resources so the occupational health and safety management system is established, implemented and maintained
- defining roles and responsibilities
- appointing member of senior management with specific responsibility for health and safety
- appointing one or more competent persons and adequate resources to provide assistance in meeting the organisation’s health and safety obligations including specialist help where applicable (link 1.5)
- engagement and management of contractors (link 1.6)
- role in reviewing health and safety performance.
3.2 Concept of health and safety culture and its significance in the management of health and safety in an organisation
- Meaning and extent of the term ‘health and safety culture’
- Relationship between health and safety culture and health and safety performance
- Indicators which could be used to assess the effectiveness of an organisation’s
- health and safety culture:
- tangible outputs or indicators of an organisation’s health and safety culture (eg accidents, absenteeism, sickness rates, staff turnover, level of compliance with health and safety rules and procedures, complaints about working conditions)
- Influence of peers.
3.3 Human factors which influence behaviour at work
- Organisational factors:
- eg culture, leadership, resources, work patterns, communications
- Job factors:
- eg task, workload, environment, display and controls, procedures
- Individual factors:
- eg competence, skills, personality, attitude and risk perception
- Link between individual, job and organisational factors.
3.4 How health and safety behaviour at work can be improved
- Securing commitment of management
- Promoting health and safety standards by leadership and example and appropriate use of disciplinary procedures
- Competent personnel with relevant knowledge, skills and work experience
- Identifying and keeping up to date with legal requirements
- Effective communication within the organisation:
- merits and limitations of different methods of communication (verbal, written and graphic)
- use and effectiveness of notice boards and health and safety media such as films, digital media, company intranet, posters, toolbox talks, memos, employee handbooks
- co-operation and consultation with the workforce and contractors where applicable (roles and benefits of employee participation, safety committees and employee feedback)
- Duties to consult; appointment, functions and entitlements of employee representatives (trade union-appointed and elected); safety committees (legal requirement, typical constitution, requirements for / ways to promote effectiveness)
- the effect of training on human reliability
- opportunities and need for training provision (induction and key health and safety topics to be covered, job change, process change, introduction of new legislation, introduction of new technology).
3.5 Principles and practice of risk assessment
- With reference to legal requirements (Element 1)
- Meaning of hazard and risk and risk assessment:
- hazard: ‘something with the potential to cause harm (this can include articles, substances, plant or machines, methods of work, the working environment and other aspects of work organisation)’
- risk: ‘the likelihood of potential harm from that hazard being realised’
- risk assessment: ‘identifying preventive and protective measures by evaluating the risk(s) arising from a hazard(s), taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk(s) is acceptable’
- Objectives of risk assessment; prevention of workplace accidents
- Risk assessors:
- composition of risk assessment team
- Criteria for a ‘suitable and sufficient’ risk assessment
- Identification of hazards
- sources and form of harm; task analysis, legislation, manufacturers’ information, incident data
- Identifying population at risk:
- employees, operators, maintenance staff, cleaners, contractors, visitors, public, etc
- Evaluating risk and adequacy of current controls:
- likelihood of harm and probable severity
- risk rating
- apply the general hierarchy of control with reference to OHSAS 18001 (links with 3.6)
- application based on prioritisation of risk
- use of guidance; sources and examples of legislation
- applying controls to specified hazards
- residual risk; acceptable / tolerable risk levels
- distinction between priorities and timescales
- Recording significant findings:
- format; information to be recorded
- Reviewing: reasons for review (eg incidents, process/equipment/staff/legislative changes; passage of time)
- Special case applications to young persons, expectant and nursing mothers also consideration of disabled workers and lone workers.
3.6 General principles of prevention
- General principles of prevention with reference to Regulation 4 and Schedule 1 of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999:
- avoiding risks
- evaluating the risks which cannot be avoided
- combating the risk at source
- adapting the work to the individual especially with regards to design of workplace, the choice of work equipment, and the choice of working and production methods, with a view, in particular, to alleviating monotonous work and work at a predetermined work-rate and to reducing their effect on health;
- adapting to technical progress
- replacing the dangerous by the non-dangerous or the less dangerous
- developing an overall coherent prevention policy which covers technology, organisation of work, working conditions, social relationships and the influence of factors relating to the working environment;
- giving collective protective measures priority over individual protective measures; and
- giving appropriate instructions to employees.
3.7 Sources of health and safety information
- Internal to the organisation (eg, accident/ill health/absence records, inspection, audit and investigation reports, maintenance records)
- External to the organisation (eg, manufacturers’ data, legislation, EU (European Union) HSE (Health and Safety Executive) and its publications, trade associations; International, European and British Standards, ILO (International Labour Organisation) and other authoritative texts, IT sources.
3.8 Factors that should be considered when developing and implementing a safe system of work for general work activities
- Employer’s duty to provide safe systems of work
- Role of competent persons in the development of safe systems
- Importance of employee involvement in the development of safe systems
- Importance and relevance of written procedures
- The distinction between technical, procedural and behavioural controls
- Development of a safe system of work
- Analysing tasks, identifying hazards and assessing risks
- Introducing controls and formulating procedures
- Instruction and training in the operation of the system
- Monitoring the system
- Definition of and specific examples of safe systems of work for:
- - confined spaces
- - lone working (including travelling away from the employee’s usual place of work)
3.9 Role and function of a permit-to-work system
- Meaning of a permit-to-work system
- Role and function
- Operation and application of a permit-to-work system
- Circumstances in which a permit to work system may be appropriate, with reference to: hot work, work on electrical systems, machinery maintenance, confined spaces, work at height.
3.10 Emergency procedures and the arrangements for contacting emergencyservices
- Importance of developing emergency procedures
- What needs to be included in an emergency procedure
- why an emergency procedure is required
- size and nature of potential accidents and the consequences if they occur
- procedures for raising the alarm
- action of the employees on site
- dealing with the media
- arrangements for contacting emergency and rescue services
- Importance of training and testing emergency procedures.
3.11 Requirements for, and effective provision of, first-aid in the workplace
- First-aid requirements
- Role, training and number of first-aiders and appointed persons
- Requirements for first-aid boxes
- Coverage in relation to shift work and geographical location.
Element 4: Health and safety management systems – Check
4.1 Active and reactive monitoring
- Active monitoring procedures including the monitoring of performance standards and the systematic inspection of plant and premises
- Role of safety inspections, sampling, surveys and tours and their roles within a monitoring regime
- Factors governing frequency and type of inspection; competence and objectivity of inspector; use of checklists; allocation of responsibilities and priorities for action
- Effective report writing: style, structure, content, emphasis, persuasiveness etc
- Reactive monitoring measures including data on accidents, dangerous occurrences, near misses, ill-health, complaints by workforce and enforcement action.
4.2 Investigating incidents
- Function of incident investigation as a reactive monitoring measure
- Distinction between different types of incident: ill-health, injury accident, dangerous occurrence, near-miss, damage-only; typical ratios of incident outcomes and their relevance in terms of the proportion of non-injury events; utility and limitations of accident ratios in accident prevention (Bird’s triangle)
- Basic incident investigation procedures
- Interviews, plans, photographs, relevant records, checklists
- Immediate causes (unsafe acts and conditions) and root causes (management systems failures)
- Remedial actions.
4.3 Recording and reporting incidents
- Typical examples of major injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences
- Statutory requirements for recording and reporting incidents
- Additional organisational requirements for recording and reporting incidents
- Accident Book
- The requirement for recording and procedure for reporting fatalities, specified injuries, ‘over 3 or 7-day injuries’, disease and dangerous occurrences
- Internal systems for collecting, analysing and communicating data
- Collection of relevant information and its availability in a civil claim
- Lessons learnt.
Element 5: Health and safety management systems – Act
5.1 Health and safety auditing
- Meaning of the term ‘health and safety audit’
- Scope and purpose of auditing health and safety management systems; distinction between audits and inspections
- Pre-audit preparations, information gathering, notifications and interviews, selection of staff, competence of auditors, time, resources
- Responsibility for audits
- Advantages and disadvantages of external and internal audits
- Actions taken following audit (eg, correcting nonconformities).
5.2 Review of health and safety performance
- Purpose of reviewing health and safety performance
- Who should take part in review
- Review at planned intervals
- Assessing opportunities for improvement and the need for change
- Review to consider:
- evaluations of compliance with applicable legal and organisational requirements
- accident and incident data, corrective and preventive actions
- inspections, surveys, tours and sampling
- absences and sickness
- quality assurance reports
- monitoring data/records/reports
- external communications and complaints
- results of participation and consultation
- objectives met
- actions from previous management reviews
- legal / good practice developments
- Maintenance of records of management review
- Reporting on health and safety performance
- Feeding into action and development plans as part of continuous improvement
- Role of Boards, Chief Executive/Managing Director and Senior Managers.
Unit GC2: Controlling workplace hazards
Element 1: Workplace hazards and risk control
1.1 Health, welfare and work environment requirements
- Health and welfare provisions:
- supply of drinking water, washing facilities, sanitary conveniences, accommodation for clothing, rest and eating facilities, seating, ventilation, heating and lighting
- The effects of exposure to extremes of temperature; preventive measures
1.2 Violence at work
- Risk factors relating to violence at work (both between employees/workers and third parties)
- Appropriate control measures to reduce risks from violence at work.
1.3 Substance misuse at work
- Types of substances misused at work, eg,
- - alcohol
- - legal/illegal drugs
- - solvents
- Risks to health and safety from substance misuse at work
- Control measures to reduce risks from substance misuse at work.
1.4 Safe movement of people in the workplace
- Hazards in the workplace:
- typical hazards leading to: slips, trips and falls on the same level; falls from a height; collisions with moving vehicles; being struck by moving, flying or falling objects; striking against fixed or stationary objects
- conditions and environments in which each hazard may arise, including maintenance activities
- Control measures for the safe movement of people in the workplace:
- slip resistant surfaces; spillage control and drainage; designated walkways; fencing and guarding; use of signs and personal protective equipment; information, instruction, training and supervision
- maintenance of a safe workplace: cleaning and housekeeping requirements, access and egress, environmental considerations (lighting), including during maintenance activities.
1.5 Working at height
- Examples of work activities involving a risk of injury from falling from height, and the significance of such injuries
- Basic hazards and factors affecting risk from working at height (including vertical distance, fragile roofs, deterioration of materials, unprotected edges, unstable/poorly maintained access equipment, weather and falling materials)
- Methods of avoiding working at height
- Main precautions necessary to prevent falls and falling materials, including proper planning and supervision of work, avoiding working in adverse weather conditions
- Emergency rescue
- Provision of equipment, training, instruction and other measures to minimise distance and consequences of a fall
- Head protection
- Safe working practices for common forms of access equipment, including ladders, stepladders, scaffolds (independent tied and mobile tower), mobile elevating work platforms, trestles, staging platforms and leading edge protection systems
- Inspection of access equipment
- Prevention of falling materials through safe stacking and storage.
1.6 Hazards and control measures for works of a temporary nature
- The impact on workplaces from hazards associated with works of a temporary nature (including building maintenance, renovation, demotion and excavations)
- Main control measures relating to the management of works of a temporary nature:
- - communication and co-operation
- - risk assessment
- - appointment of competent people
- - segregation of work areas
- - amendment of emergency procedures
- - welfare provision
Element 2: Transport hazards and risk control
2.1 Safe movement of vehicles in the workplace
- Hazards and factors affecting level of risk from workplace transport operations including conditions and environments in which each hazard may arise:
- - vehicle movement, eg, driving too fast, especially around bends; reversing; silent operation of machinery; poor visibility (around loads etc), overturning of vehicles; collisions with other vehicles, pedestrians and fixed objects
- non-movement, eg, loading (including overloading); unloading; securing loads; sheeting; coupling; vehicle maintenance work
- Control measures for safe workplace transport operations:
- Safe site
- suitability of traffic routes (including site access and egress)
- management of vehicle movements
- environmental considerations (visibility, gradients, changes of level, surface conditions)
- segregating of pedestrians and vehicles and measures to be taken when segregation is not practicable
- protective measures for people and structures (barriers, marking signs, warnings of vehicle approach and reversing)
- site rules (including speed limits)
- Safe vehicles
- suitable vehicles
- maintenance/repair of vehicles
- visibility from vehicles/reversing aids
- driver protection and restraint systems
- Safe drivers
- selection and training of drivers
- banksman (reversing assistant)
- management systems for assuring driver competence including local codes of practice.
2.2 Driving at work
- Managing work-related road safety
- policy covers work-related road safety
- systems to manage work-related road safety
- monitoring performance to ensure policy is effective eg collection of information, reporting of work-related road incidents by employees
- organisation and structure (to allow cooperation across departments with different responsibilities for work-related road safety)
- legal responsibilities of individuals on public roads
- Risk assessment - factors associated with driving at work that increases the risk of being involved in a road traffic incident (distance, driving hours, work schedules, stress due to traffic and weather conditions etc)
- Evaluating the risks
- the driver (competency, fitness and health, training)
- the vehicle (suitability, condition, safety equipment, safety critical information, ergonomic considerations)
- the journey (routes, scheduling, sufficient time, weather conditions)
- Control measures to reduce work-related driving risks.
Element 3: Musculoskeletal hazards and risk control
3.1 Work-related upper limb disorders
- Meaning of musculoskeletal disease and work related upper limb disorders (WRULDs)
- Examples of repetitive operations such as keyboard operation, assembly of small components, bricklaying and checkout operators; assessment of a display screen equipment workstation
- Matching the workplace to individual needs of workers
- The ill-health effects of poorly designed tasks and workstations
- The factors giving rise to ill-health conditions: task (including repetitive, strenuous); environment (including lighting, glare); equipment (including user requirements, adjustability)
- Appropriate control measures.
3.2 Manual handling hazards and control measures
- Common types of manual handling injury
- Assessment of manual handling risks by considering the task, the load, the individual and the working environment
- Means of avoiding or minimising the risks from manual handling with reference to the task, load, individual and working environment, eg design, automation, mechanisation
- Efficient movement principles for manually lifting loads to reduce risk of musculoskeletal disorders due to lifting, poor posture and repetitive or awkward movements.
3.3 Manually operated load handling equipment
- Hazards and controls for common types of manually operated load handling aids and equipment: trucks and trolleys; pallet trucks; people handling hoists; people handling aids.
3.4 Powered load handling equipment
- Hazards, precautions and procedures for powered load handling equipment eg, fork-lift trucks, lifts, hoists, conveyors and cranes
- Requirements for lifting operations:
- strong, stable and suitable equipment
- positioned and installed correctly
- visibly marked ie safe working load
- ensure lifting operations are planned, supervised and carried out in safe manner by competent persons
- special requirements for lifting equipment used for lifting people
- Periodic inspection and examination/testing of lifting equipment.
Element 4: Work equipment hazards and risk control
4.1 General requirements for work equipment
- Types of work equipment including: hand tools, power tools and machinery
- Suitability as it relates to provision of equipment; including the requirement for CE (Conformité Européenne) marking within the UK and Europe
- Prevention of access to dangerous parts of machinery
- The need to restrict the use and maintenance of equipment with specific risks
- Extent of information, instruction and training to be provided in relation to specific risks and persons at risk (eg users, maintenance staff and managers)
- The need for equipment to be maintained and for maintenance to be conducted safely
- Importance of operation and emergency controls, stability, lighting, markings and warnings, clear unobstructed workspace
- Responsibilities of users.
4.2 Hazards and controls for hand-held tools
- Hazards and misuse of hand-held tools whether powered or not; requirements forsafe use, condition and fitness for use, suitability for purpose and location to beused in (eg, flammable atmosphere)
- Hazards of portable power tools (eg, drill, sander) and the means of control.
4.3 Mechanical and non-mechanical hazards of machinery
- Main mechanical and other hazards as identified in BS EN ISO 12100 -1 and how harm may arise
- Hazards presented by a range of equipment including office machinery (eg, photocopier, document shredder); manufacturing/maintenance machinery (eg, bench-top grinder, pedestal drill); agricultural/horticultural machinery (eg, cylinder mower, strimmer / brush cutter, chain-saw); retail machinery (eg, compactor, checkout conveyor system); construction machinery (eg, cement mixer, bench mounted circular saw).
4.4 Control measures for reducing risks from machinery hazards
- The basic principles of operation, merits and limitations of the following:
- guards: fixed ; interlocking; self-closing and adjustable/self-adjusting
- protective devices: two-hand; hold-to-run; sensitive protective equipment (trip devices), emergency stop controls jigs, holders, push-sticks
- information, instruction, training and supervision
- personal protective equipment
- Application of these methods of protection to the range of equipment listed in 4.3
- Basic requirements for guards and safety devices:
- compatibility with process, adequate strength, maintained, allow for maintenance without removal, not increase risk or restrict view, not easily by-passed.
Element 5: Electrical safety
5.1 Principles, hazards and risks associated with the use of electricity at work
- Principles of electricity:
- basic circuitry for current to flow: relationship between voltage, current and resistance
- Hazards, risks and danger of electricity:
- electric shock and its effect on the body; factors influencing severity: voltage, frequency, duration, resistance, current path; electrical burns (from direct and indirect contact with an electrical source)
- electrical fires: common causes
- workplace electrical equipment including portable: conditions and practices likely to lead to accidents (unsuitable equipment; inadequate maintenance; use of defective apparatus)
- secondary effects (eg, falls from height)
- use of poorly maintained electrical equipment
- work near overhead power lines; contact with underground power cables during excavation work
- work on mains electricity supplies
- use of electrical equipment in wet environments.
5.2 Control measures when working with electrical systems or using electrical equipment in all workplace conditions
- Control measures:
- protection of conductors
- strength and capability of equipment
- advantages and limitations of protective systems: fuses, earthing, isolation of supply, double insulation, residual current devices, reduced and low voltage systems
- use of competent persons
- use of safe systems of work (no live working unless no other option, isolation, locating buried services, protection against overhead cables)
- emergency procedures following an electrical incident
- inspection and maintenance strategies: user checks; formal inspection and tests of the electrical installation and equipment; frequency of inspection and testing; records of inspection and testing; advantages and limitations of portable appliance testing (PAT).
Element 6: Fire safety
6.1 Fire initiation, classification and spread
- Principles of fire: fire triangle; sources of ignition; fuel and oxygen in a typical workplace; oxidising materials
- Classification of fires (different local classification systems will be accepted)
- Principles of heat transmission and fire spread: convection; conduction; radiation; direct burning
- Common causes and consequences of fires in workplaces.
6.2 Fire risk assessment
- The reasons for carrying out a fire risk assessment
- Factors to be considered in carrying out the assessment
- Consideration of temporary workplaces and changes to workplaces.
6.3 Fire prevention and prevention of fire spread
- Control measures to minimise the risk of fire in a workplace:
- elimination of, or reduction in, the use and storage of flammable and combustible materials
- control of ignition sources
- systems of work
- good housekeeping
- Storage of flammable liquids in work rooms and other locations
- Awareness of structural measures to prevent the spread of fire and smoke: properties of common building materials; protection of openings and voids
- Use of suitable electrical equipment in flammable atmospheres.
6.4 Fire alarm system and fire-fighting arrangements
- Fire detection, fire warning and fire-fighting equipment:
- common fire detection and alarm systems
- portable fire-fighting equipment: siting, maintenance and training requirements
- extinguishing media: water, foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide; advantages and limitations
- access for fire and rescue services and vehicles.
6.5 Evacuation of a workplace
- Means of escape: travel distances, stairs, passageways, doors, emergency lighting, exit and directional signs, assembly points
- Emergency evacuation procedures
- Role and appointment of fire marshals
- Fire drills; roll call; provisions for people with disabilities
- Building plans to include record of emergency escape.
Element 7: Chemical and biological health hazards and risk control
7.1 Forms of, classification of, and health risks from hazardous substances
- Forms of chemical agent: dusts, fibres, fumes, gases, mists, vapours and liquids
- Forms of biological agents: fungi, bacteria and viruses
- Main classification of substances hazardous to health: irritant, corrosive, harmful, toxic/very toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic and reproductive toxin
- Difference between acute and chronic health effects.
7.2 Assessment of health risks
- Routes of entry of hazardous substances into the body and body reaction in the form of superficial and cellular defence mechanisms with particular reference to the hazardous substances listed in 7.5
- Factors to be taken into account when assessing health risks
- Sources of information:
- product labels
- guidance documents eg, UK HSE Guidance Note EH40, EU list of Indicative Limit Values, ACGIH list of Threshold Limit Values (US)
- manufacturers’ safety data sheets and responsibility for their provision; information to be included by supplier
- limitations of information in assessing risks to health
- Role and limitations of hazardous substance monitoring.
7.3 Occupational exposure limits
- Purpose of occupational exposure limits
- Long term and short term limits
- Significance of time weighted averages
- Limitations of exposure limits
- Application of relevant limits eg, Threshold Limit Values, Workplace Exposure Limits, Maximum Allowable Concentrations, etc
- Comparison of measurements to exposure limits established by competent national authorities or internationally recognised standards.
7.4 Control measures
- The need to prevent exposure or, where this is not reasonably practicable, adequately control it
- Principles of Good Practice as regards control of:
- minimisation of emission, release and spread of hazardous substances through design and operation of processes and task activities
- account for relevant routes of entry into the body when developing control measures for hazardous substances
- control measures to be proportional to health risk
- effectiveness and reliability of control options that minimise the escape and spread of hazardous substances
- use of personal protective equipment in combination with other measures where adequate controls cannot be achieved otherwise
- regular checks and review of implemented control measures to confirm continued effectiveness
- provision of information and training to those working with hazardous substances as to the risks and use of measures to minimise the risks
- ensuring control measures do not increase overall risk to health and safety
- Common measures used to implement Principles of Good Practice above:
- elimination or substitution of hazardous substances or form of substance
- process changes
- reduced time exposure
- enclosure of hazards; segregation of process and people
- local exhaust ventilation: general applications and principles of capture and removal of hazardous substances; components of a basic system and factors that may reduce its effectiveness; requirements for inspection
- use and limitations of dilution ventilation
- respiratory protective equipment: purpose, application and effectiveness; types of equipment and their suitability for different substances; selection, use and maintenance
- other protective equipment and clothing (gloves, overalls, eye protection)
- personal hygiene and protection regimes
- health/medical surveillance and biological monitoring
- Further control of substances that can cause cancer, asthma or genetic damage that can be passed from one generation to another.
7.5 Specific agents
- Health risks and controls associated with asbestos
- Managing asbestos in buildings
- Health risks and controls associated with other specific agents: blood borne viruses, carbon monoxide, cement, legionella, leptospira, silica, wood dust; workplace circumstances in which they might be present.
7.6 Safe handling and storage of waste
- Basic environmental issues relating to safe handling and storage of waste (suitable PPE, separate storage of incompatible waste streams).
Element 8: Physical and psychological health hazards and risk control
- The physical and psychological effects on hearing of exposure to noise
- The meaning of terms commonly used in the measurement of sound; sound pressure, intensity, frequency; the decibel scale, dB(A) and dB(C)
- The need for assessment of exposure; comparison of measurements to exposure limits established by competent national authorities or internationally recognised standards
- Basic noise control measures (isolation, absorption, insulation, damping and silencing) the purpose, application and limitations of personal hearing protection (types, selection, use, maintenance and attenuation factors)
- Role of health surveillance
- Occupations with potential noise exposure problems: eg, construction, uniformed services, entertainment, manufacturing, call centres.
- The effects on the body of exposure to vibration, with particular reference to hand-arm vibration and whole body vibration
- The need for assessment of exposure; comparison of measurements to exposure limits established by competent national authorities or internationally recognised standards
- Basic vibration control measures including choice of equipment, maintenance, limiting exposure (including duration and magnitude, work schedules / rest periods, clothing to protect against cold)
- Role of health surveillance.
- The types of, and differences between, non-ionising and ionising radiation (including radon) and their health effects
- Typical occupational sources of non-ionising and ionising radiation (including radon)
- The basic means of controlling exposures to non-ionising and ionising radiation (including radon)
- Basic radiation protection strategies including the role of the competent person in the workplace
- The role of monitoring and health surveillance.
- Meaning of 'work related stress'
- Causes, effects and control measures (demand, control, support, relationships, role, change).